Gastric bypass surgery is a procedure that can make the stomach smaller. This causes the person to feel full even with less food and fewer calorie intake. This type of surgery also bypasses some part of the small intestine, therefore, calories are absorbed into the system. The low-calorie intake leads to weight loss.
When a person eats, food passes through the esophagus then enters into the stomach. This is where gastric acids start to soften food and dissolve it. After that, the mixture goes into the small intestine where the majority of calories and nutrients are absorbed by the body. Lastly, whatever is left will pass into the large intestine and will go through the colon as it is expelled out of the body.
The surgery is also responsible for restructuring the intestinal system and the stomach, thus resulting in intentional malabsorption and limiting the ability of the patient to eat food in large quantities.
Gastric Bypass Procedures
Gastric bypass surgery comes in different types and one of the most common is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The doctor will create a tiny pouch on top of the patient’s stomach with the use of surgical staples. Then, this pouch will be connected directly to the middle of the small intestine. As a result, food is bypassed in the lower part and the small intestine.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is performed as an open procedure This means that the doctor will make a big incision in the stomach’s outer part wall in order to access the abdominal cavity. At present, to those who are qualified, this laparoscopic procedure is common. This procedure is done by making up to five incisions in the outer part and with the use of small instruments and a small camera to serve as a guide.
Risks and Benefits
The surgery needs 2-6 days to stay in the hospital, although this will depend on the kind of procedure that was performed. In most cases, patients could go back to their normal activities in 3-4 weeks. Such type of work needs a longer recovery period.
The surgery helps people get rid of the majority of their excess fat. And when maintained properly, they can keep their weight off permanently. Also, some obesity-related health problems like high blood pressure and diabetes are eliminated or reduced.
If you are someone who has been struggling with weight and who have tried so many ways and changes but was not successful in getting rid of those excess fats, then you may want to consider this type of surgery. However, before doing so be sure that you talk to a doctor first in order to determine if you are qualified for this surgery or you might be qualified for another type of weight loss surgery.
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